Christina Thompson is the author of a memoir, Come on Shore and We Will Kill and Eat You All, which was shortlisted for the 2009 NSW Premier's Award and the 2010 William Saroyan International Prize for Writing. A dual citizen of the United States and Australia, she is the recipient of fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts, Arts Victoria, and the Literature Board of the Australia Council. In 2015 she received one of 36 inaugural National Endowment for the Humanities Public Scholar Awards for a book about the settlement of Polynesia called Sea People: The Puzzle of Polynesia. Her essays and reviews have appeared in a wide range of scholarly and popular publications, including Vogue, the American Scholar, the Journal of Pacific History, and three editions of Best Australian Essays. She writes regularly for the books pages of the Boston Globe.

Christina received her BA from Dartmouth College and her PhD from the University of Melbourne. From 1994 to 1998 she was editor of the Australian literary journal Meanjin. Since 2000, she has been editor of Harvard Review, a literary journal published by Houghton Library at Harvard University. She teaches in the writing program at Harvard Summer School and Harvard University Extension, where she was awarded the James E. Conway Excellence in Teaching Award in 2008. She is married to Tauwhitu Parangi, a member of the Ngati Rehia hapu of the Nga Puhi tribe of Aotearoa (New Zealand), with whom she has three sons.